To date, hormonal methods of contraception are considered to be the most effective and reliable. Fortunately, the first generation of pills that have made major changes in the hormonal system and led to excess weight is already behind. Now hormonal drugs are more and more safe and diverse. However, until now they have a large list of side effects.
Types of hormonal contraception
Talking about what kinds of hormonal contraceptives there are, it should be noted that now there really is a rich choice.
So, what is modern hormonal contraception?
- Pills. There are Combined oral contraceptives and mini-pili. After the examination and analysis, the doctor appoints them, since there are a lot of such preparations. Take pills every day, sometimes with interruptions a week. Reliability is 99%.
- Injections. For them, they use the drugs "Net-En", "Depo-Provera". Injections are done once in 2-3 months. The method is suitable only for those giving birth to women over 35 years of age. Reliability is 96.5-97%.
- Ring "NovaRing". The ring is inserted into the vagina and changes once a month, without causing discomfort to either the woman or the partner. Reliability is 99%.
- The patch of "Evra". The plaster is attached to one of the possible zones and is changed once a week. Effective for women from 18 to 45 years. Contraindicated in actively smoking women over 35 years. Reliability is 99.4%.
The principle of action is the same for all of them: they interfere with the maturation and release of the egg, because of which conception becomes impossible.
Emergency hormonal contraception
There are postcoital tablets, which are intended for emergency use if, for example, a condom breaks. These funds prevent the maturation of the egg and its attachment to the uterine cavity, if it is already ripe and fertilized.
All preparations of this series severely damage the hormonal background, cause complications. Use them regularly is strictly prohibited, because they are dangerous to the body. The reliability of the tool is 97%.
Hormonal contraception: contraindications
There are a large number of cases with a list of which it is undesirable to use hormonal contraceptives . Pay attention to the list of absolute contraindications:
- pregnancy and lactation in the first 6 weeks after delivery;
- smoking over the age of 35;
- AD 180/110 mm Hg and above;
- cardiovascular and heart diseases;
- diabetes mellitus with complications or lasting more than 20 years;
To take this seriously, because the intervention in the hormonal background can disrupt the work of a variety of body systems.