According to statistics, most modern women who lead a regular sex life, choose oral contraceptives to prevent pregnancy. Oral contraceptives are tablets, the regular reception of which prevents the occurrence of an unplanned pregnancy. Despite the high popularity of these funds, today many women have a lot of questions about their safety and influence on the body. We will try to understand the principle of the action of oral contraceptives and the side effects that may entail their reception to give answers to your questions.
How to take hormonal contraceptives?
Oral contraceptives are sold in special packages designed for a single menstrual cycle. The composition of these drugs include progestins and estrogens - hormones that inhibit ovulation and the functioning of female ovaries, and make the natural mucus in the cervix more viscous. Its viscosity prevents the passage of a fertilized egg and, thus, it can not gain a foothold on the wall of the uterus. Thus, it is almost impossible to become pregnant when taking contraceptives.
The intake of oral contraceptives should be regular - one tablet daily. Otherwise, their effectiveness drops significantly. As a rule, a pack of contraceptives contains 21 tablets. Starting from the first day of menstruation, you should take one tablet daily, then take a break for 7 days. During these 7 days the woman has the next menstruation. On the eighth day, the next packet of contraceptives should be taken, even if the critical days are not over. Tablets should preferably be taken at the same time. Regular intake of hormonal contraceptives protects against pregnancy by 99%.
Pregnancy when taking hormonal contraceptives can occur only in the case of repeated non-compliance with the rules for their use.
Can I get pregnant after taking hormonal contraceptives?
After stopping the reception of contraceptives, every woman can easily become pregnant. Oral contraceptives do not reduce the reproductive function of the fair sex, if the following rules are observed when they are taken:
- Every six months, it is necessary to take a one-month break in taking hormonal contraceptives.
- To start taking a specific drug should be only after consulting a gynecologist. Since women have individual intolerance to some components of contraceptives.
Long continuous reception of contraceptives can lead to undesirable consequences - oppression of working capacity of system of a reproduction of the woman.
Are there any problems with taking hormonal contraceptives?
When taking hormonal contraceptives, some women face such problems:
- Violations of the menstrual cycle. Some women experience irregular bleeding when taking contraceptives. As a rule, this phenomenon takes place 2-3 months after the start of taking the tablets, therefore, they should not be stopped. Monthly with the reception of contraceptives over time become regular and less painful.
- Discharge of hormonal contraceptives. During the first two months, a woman can have abundant colorless or dark discharge. If they are not accompanied by itching and other unpleasant sensations, then there is no cause for concern. As a rule, they pass by themselves in 2 months. Otherwise, you should consult a gynecologist.
- Appearance of age spots. Reception of contraceptives can affect the condition of the skin - it can darken, lighten up or become covered with pigment spots. In this case, stop taking and consult a doctor.
- General deterioration of health -
headache, nausea, weakness. If discomfort is permanent, contraceptive use should be stopped.
- Weight change. Hormones can influence the metabolism in the female body. But, as a rule, the reason for a sharp change in weight is an improper diet or a passive lifestyle.
To use hormonal contraceptives or not - it should be decided by each woman independently. In any case, before taking any potent means, it is necessary to thoroughly study the principle of their action, possible side effects and be sure to get advice from a specialist.