One of the largest and most complex in the human body is the knee joint and the sprain is always accompanied by painful symptoms. Unfortunately, this part of the legs is especially prone to injury. Problems can occur as a result of a stroke, a heavy load, or a fall. Of course, it is desirable to avoid injuries. But if an unpleasant situation does occur, timely treatment will help prevent unpleasant consequences.
Symptoms and signs of sprain of the knee joints
Common signs of damage to this part of the leg are:
- Pain that appears at the time of impact or fall and does not pass a long time. Especially if it is activated at knee pressure or flexion.
- Edema or bruising. Often they can appear only some time after the damage.
- Stiffness in the movements. With a severe degree of injury, it becomes difficult even to move the joint.
- Instability during movement.
- Crunch, which is accompanied by pain.
Stretching of the inner lateral ligament of the knee joint
Stretching or even breaking the inner ligament of the knee happens more often than the external one. Usually this is due to an impact on the outer plane of the leg, when it is in the forward state. In addition, the trauma can occur due to the fact that a person stumbled, slipped or fell with a twisting of the lower limb (the body deviates, but the foot does not move). Usually, with such a fall, trauma to other knee structures also occurs.
Immediately after the incident, the inner side of the joint begins to hurt. It is usually impossible to specify a specific point from which unpleasant sensations spread. Their severity depends on the degree of damage. If the trauma affects the deep part of the ligament, it is likely that the formation of hemarthrosis is the accumulation of blood in the joint.
Stretching of the anterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint
The cruciate ligament is injured more often than other components of the knee. This is usually due to torsion on the supporting leg - the shin remains, and the whole body is turned outward. In addition, there are often situations where a trauma occurred as a result of a direct blow to the thigh or lower leg.
Stretching or tearing of this ligament is accompanied by acute pain and severe swelling. You can often hear a crunch when driving. It is worth noting that the pain in the first few days may just be unbearable. At the same time, it is even capable of hindering a full-fledged examination, with the help of which a diagnosis can indeed be established. This can be done after a while. Usually at this time, knee instability is manifested.
Stretching of the posterior cruciate ligament of the knee joint
Damage to this part of the knee occurs less frequently than others, especially than the extension of the inner ligament of the knee joint. Most often it occurs even unnoticeably for a person, which creates certain difficulties for its diagnosis. Usually a trauma appears along with other knee injuries.
There are several reasons that lead to the appearance of painful sensations in the back of the knee. They are based on external action on the joint:
- a blow to the front of the knee (this may also be a trauma from falling);
- excessive bending or twisting of the joint;
- tucking legs.
Symptoms of sprain under the knee behind:
- edema and pain, which after the injury is constantly increasing;
- stiffness of movements, lameness, poor mobility;
- pain when walking ;
- instability of the joint.