Dentures - 3 types of modern prosthetics

The very notion of dentures often scares potential clients of dental clinics, but this is absolutely undeserved attitude. Thanks to modern technology, prosthetics can make a perfect smile, which few people have given mother from nature by birth.

Types of dentures

Before deciding on prosthetics, you need to know what dentures exist, their advantages, disadvantages and features. The main types of dental popular dentures are:

Removable dentures

This species is divided into two, the first, which must be removed before bed and the second, which can be worn for a long time and not removed. The second variant has several varieties, which should be considered along with the main two.

  1. Conditionally removable. This option implies the presence of implants implanted in the bone, to which the prosthesis is subsequently attached. Such prostheses can be worn for a long time and not removed, but if there is such a need, then they can be removed without the help of a specialist.
  2. With beam fixture. This form is distinguished by the presence of a special plate attached to the implants, to which all prostheses are attached, which is good for the distribution of the load on the gum.
  3. With ball attachment. This is an implant, on which a globular attachment is mounted on which the prosthesis is attached. It is worth such an option is relatively inexpensive, but one of the main disadvantages is the rapid loosening of the mount. These are dental prostheses without the sky, as well as other types of prostheses with implantation.
  4. Removable completely. This option does not require implantation, it is not expensive, but has the main disadvantage - the need for removal at night.

The most common materials for the manufacture of removable dentures:

  1. AcryFree. This is a modern version, which is characterized by softness and flexibility, so that the prosthesis fits tightly to the gums and does not cause discomfort.
  2. Nylon dentures. It is a soft material that is designed for long-wearing prostheses. It is not difficult to get used to it, it does not rub the gum, which is important at the stage of habituation.
  3. Acrylic. The structure of this material promotes the reproduction of bacteria, plus the material itself is hard and not everyone can get used to it.

Fixed dentures

The question of what dentures are needed in the absence of teeth is understandable, and the answer to it is given above-these are removable conditionally-removable versions. As for non-removable species, there are four types:

  1. Veneers . This is an alternative to sealing, but it is used in the absence of large parts of the tooth.
  2. Lumineers . This is an expensive option, which is used to adjust the shape of the teeth, their size and just for cosmetic purposes. Such overlays are at the majority of celebrities with snow-white and faultless smiles.
  3. Tabs. These pads are used when it is necessary to correct the shape of the tooth.
  4. Crowns. Nozzles for teeth, which are installed after their grinding.

The last type of fixed prosthetic crowns can be made of different materials, the most common of which are:

  1. Metal. It is a relic of the past and nowadays such unattractive material is hardly used.
  2. Metalloceramics. It is metal, covered with ceramics and imitating tooth enamel. Serves such a prosthesis for about 15 years.
  3. Ceramics. This is a modern version of the material, which is both durable and beautiful. However, it is not recommended to gnaw nuts with the help of these prostheses.
  4. Zirconium dioxide. The material is similar to ceramics and externally and by characteristics.

Dental implants

Such a kind of dentures - a new generation and serve as a dental root. Implants, implanted in the bone under the gum, are attached to the prosthesis or put on crowns. Fixation of dental prostheses made in the implant variant can be different and proceeding from the method of attachment and other characteristics, the following basic types are divided:

  1. With cement fastening. This option involves fixing the implant and prosthesis by cementing.
  2. With screw fixation. In this case, the prosthesis is attached to the implant by screwing in, which ensures the presence of a thread.
  3. All-on-4. Four implants are implanted into the jaw, which are then fixed to the bridge with prostheses.
  4. All-on-6. This variant is a variation of the previous one, but in this case there are six implants.
  5. Prosthesis with two-stage implantation. This species is characterized by a large interval of time between the installation of the implant and the prosthesis, which can reach half a year.
  6. Prosthesis with basal implantation. In this variant, after installing the implant, the crowns are worn immediately.

Who put dentures?

It is likely that dentures are placed on those who have partially or completely lost their teeth, wanting to correct the defects of a smile, align the structure, shape and color of the teeth. But, for example, dentures with complete absence of teeth will be different from those used for prosthetics in case a part of the dentition is preserved. In view of this, there are two more variants of prostheses:

Partial denture

This option, as it becomes clear from the title, is used for partial loss of teeth. For example, the upper denture in a situation where there are several teeth is made on the base of the cast, where the gaps are filled with dentures and leave spaces for them at the place where the teeth are. Such a prosthesis can consist of a gum and teeth in the form of a cast construction or a structure in which the teeth are connected by means of a special metal arc.

Full denture

There are complete removable dentures and are not removable. A complete removable version is a prosthesis that mimics the gums and teeth. This option is popularly known as the "false jaw". If previously used materials delivered a lot of inconvenience and discomfort during wearing and habituation, then modern technologies offer many options that are qualitative and convenient to use.

How to put dentures?

Installation of prostheses is made proceeding from a design and a kind. However, the initial stage of prosthetics is the carrying out of all necessary manipulations, after which the next stage is the making of dentures. The installation can be performed by implantation, crown settings or the use of fully removable options, such as full or partial dentures.

How to care for dentures?

It is very important to know how to properly care for the dentures, so that they last a long time and do not cause problems. The main care for the prosthesis can be divided into several ways, which can be used separately and in a complex:

  1. Washing. After each meal, you need to thoroughly rinse the prosthesis from its remnants. Do it better with boiled water after rinsing the mouth or rinsing the denture, having previously removed it.
  2. Cleaning of dentures. Cleaning is done with a conventional toothbrush and a special paste. Once every six months, it is recommended to take the prosthesis to a dental clinic for professional cleaning.
  3. Treatment with a special solution. Using a special solution, the prosthesis is treated by immersing it in a container filled with a solution.
  4. Storage. If earlier the prosthesis was associated with "teeth" placed in a glass with water, then modern materials are well stored outside the liquid and dentures can be stored anywhere, pre-wrapped in a napkin or piece of tissue.

Cream for fixing dentures

Choosing a good and reliable cream for dentures, you need to know about its varieties and recommendations of dentists. It is not always possible to accurately fit the design under the gum and in such cases it may be necessary to use additional creams for fixation. The most effective and popular options we present in the form of a rating based on feedback from those who use them.

  1. Rocs. This cream gives a one hundred percent guarantee of fixation for 12 hours. Manufacturers: Russia and Switzerland.
  2. Lacalut. This is a German cream of high quality and efficiency, promising action throughout the day.
  3. Protefix. When using this cream, you do not have to worry about fixing it for 10-12 hours.
  4. The Fittidant. One of the best means, but for those who have sensitive mucous it is better to choose another option.
  5. The president. A good cream, but when exposed to hot temperatures, fixation is weakened.
  6. Korega. The most popular cream, but with a lot of shortcomings: quickly washed out, keeps the prosthesis only about three hours, getting into the stomach causes unpleasant sensations, can lead to swelling of the oral mucosa.

Which dentures are better?

When wondering which dentures are best to put, you can often hear the answer that everything depends on financial possibilities. Modern prosthetics offers many options, but, unfortunately, some of them are too expensive for the average person. We offer the best dentures for cases of complete absence of teeth and partial, which are recommended by specialists.

Complete absence:

Partial absence: