Aesthetic education of younger schoolchildren

Aesthetic education of junior schoolchildren is an integral part of the formation of personality. Its determining factor is art in all its manifestations. With its help, the child's versatile development is carried out, including in the sphere of emotions. Also, under the influence of art, figurative thinking, understanding of beauty and creative abilities are formed.

Features and main tasks

The main tasks of artistic and aesthetic education for schoolchildren of lower grades are listed below:

  1. Accumulation of impressions from listening to musical works or from contemplating masterpieces of painting.
  2. Forming your own taste on the basis of the acquired stock of knowledge and impressions, the ability to enjoy art.
  3. Formation and further development of creative abilities .

A special feature of the aesthetic education of schoolchildren in the lower grades, in the first place, is the important role of the teacher's personality. It is from him that the aesthetic development of the child will depend. The teacher's task is to arouse the child's interest in such spheres as music, singing, choreography, drawing and other.

Ideas of children often undergo changes under the influence of parents, friends, various life situations. Therefore, it is important that the teacher is able to present the information in such a way that clear and stable ideas about the aesthetic sphere are formed, and the child enjoys being introduced to the world of the beautiful. In this period, the leading form of familiarizing with the arts are cartoons, children's literature, cinema. These sources are a rich material of various situations necessary for the knowledge of life.


Moral and aesthetic education of junior schoolchildren is always individual and are carried out during the joint activity of children and teachers. Since each child perceives the information received in different ways, and the response to the beautiful is often different. Among the methods of aesthetic education of junior schoolchildren distinguish the main two groups - these are verbal and visual.

The verbal method implies the use of vivid descriptions and images. In this case, the children not only understand the meaning of the work, but also feel the mood of the characters. Help in this and provide various visual aids and illustrations. To form an adequate emotional response, harmony is important in everything, and even in the details of the wardrobe and in the interior of the room.