Since the intestine is responsible for absorbing nutrients from the food and transferring them to the blood, the diseases of this organ lead to a sharp deterioration in well-being and problems in the work of other organs. The most common gastrointestinal disease is an intestinal infection that requires prompt and proper treatment.
Infections of the intestine - species
Although the causes of intestinal infections can be very diverse, they can all be divided into three large groups:
- Viral infections. The causative agent of the infection is a virus transmitted by airborne droplets. Viral infections are caused by dozens of pathogens, among which the most common are: rotavirus , enterovirus, adenovirus.
- Bacterial infections. This type of infection is provoked by such pathogens as E. coli , salmonella , dysentery rod, staphylococcus. Bacteria enter the human body together with contaminated products or through dirty hands.
- Fungal infections. The causative agent of the disease is the candida fungus.
Viral intestinal infection
Viral intestinal bacteria and infections are transmitted by airborne droplets, but cases of infection through dirty hands or food are not uncommon. Diagnose such an infection is difficult because of its similarity with colds. The person rises the temperature, there is weakness, a runny nose, cough, sore throat. For this reason, a viral intestinal infection is also called intestinal flu .
Rotavirus intestinal infection, like other intestinal infections of a viral origin, differs from the common cold and flu by the presence of symptoms of the gastrointestinal tract. Two or three days after infection, the patient develops diarrhea, vomiting, pain in the area of the stomach or intestines, and a decrease in appetite. During this period, the patient is particularly contagious, so care should be taken by people to take precautions.
Bacterial infection of the intestine
Disease bacteria enter the human body together with spoiled or dirty products, through dirty hands, dishes and other items. Intestinal infections of bacterial origin proceed more complicated than viral intestinal infections and carry with them more serious complications. The problem of treating these diseases is that most of the intestinal bacteria adapt quickly to antibiotics and do not respond to them.
One of the most common bacterial infections of the digestive system is staphylococcal infection in the intestine. Staphylococcus lives in the human body all the time, but in a limited number. The decrease in immunity and the entry of bacteria from staphylococcus can lead to a serious disease that progresses rapidly and is difficult to treat.
Fungal infections of the intestine
Fungal infection of the intestine affects the mucosa of this organ and causes pathological changes in the activity of the entire digestive system. The main causative agent of this infection is candida. Symptoms and course of the disease depends on the form of infection:
- Non-invasive candidiasis. Symptoms of this disease are intestinal disorders and skin rash.
- Invasive candidiasis. The disease spreads to other organs, leading to serious health problems.
Intestinal infection - symptoms
If a person develops an intestinal infection, the symptoms of this disease will be:
- Painful spasms of the intestine. Pain in the abdomen is acute and last for several minutes.
- Diarrhea. Stool disorder can be of a different nature. With indomitable diarrhea, you should go to the hospital, since dehydration can cause death.
- Nausea and vomiting. Indomitable vomiting is as dangerous as indomitable diarrhea, since it removes the necessary liquid from the body.
- Lack of appetite.
- Heat. With a severe infection, the temperature can stay on high numbers for several days.
- Weakness. This symptom is a consequence of dehydration, lack of nutrients and high fever.
- Skin rashes, itching. This symptom is characteristic for some types of intestinal infection: enterovirus and fungal intestinal infection.
Disorder of the digestive tract
Acute intestinal infection is accompanied by a disorder of the entire gastrointestinal tract. The stomach ceases to function fully, as a result of which there are heaviness and pain in the stomach, eructation, heartburn. Peristalsis of the intestine is disrupted, gas formation increases, constipation or diarrhea occurs. These symptoms will manifest themselves in one way or another until the infection is defeated.
Temperature with intestinal infection
Signs of intestinal infection begin to manifest themselves as early as the second day of infection. Among the first symptoms of the disease is elevated temperature. With intestinal infection, the temperature rises to a certain number and is held on it for several days. Often the temperature stops in the interval 38-38.5 degrees. Doctors recommend knocking down such temperature with antipyretic drugs to avoid additional fluid loss.
Rash with intestinal infection
Infectious diseases of the intestines, caused by enterovirus, are accompanied by an unusual symptom of intestinal diseases: a rash. Skin eruptions can be located in one place of the body or cover a significant part of the skin. Initially, the facial skin is affected. Then other symptoms of the disease join the rashes: high fever, lymph node enlargement, weakness, upset of the gastrointestinal tract. This type of infection can have serious consequences, therefore treatment of enterovirus infection is better spent in a hospital.
Analysis for intestinal infections
The analysis of feces and blood helps to determine which virus in the intestine in the given case caused the disease. Thanks to this, the doctor can choose an effective medication for this case. Before passing on the analysis of stools, enterosorbents, antibiotics and laxatives can not be used. The analysis of feces for intestinal infections is processed for five days, so in the first days of the disease the doctor prescribes medications, based on the described symptoms.
Intestinal infection - treatment
Intestinal infection is a contagious disease, so during her treatment, the patient should be isolated from the community. Doctors offer such methods than treat intestinal infection:
- Full hunger, and if impossible - a tough diet.
- The use of rehydration drugs.
- The use of sorbents.
- Treatment of symptoms: fever, diarrhea, vomiting.
- Full rest. Since the patient is in a state of hunger, he will feel a strong weakness and headaches. In this state, the patient needs to lie more.
- Drink lots of clean water.
Medications for intestinal infection
To treat intestinal infection, these drugs are used:
- Rehydration preparations: Regidron, Trisol. Diarrhea and vomiting lead to the loss of the necessary fluid and salts, so these saline solutions are designed to maintain the salt balance in the body. Salt solutions can be prepared by yourself.
- With severe diarrhea and vomiting, doctors resort to an intravenous infusion of a solution of glucose and sodium chloride.
- Consumption of sorbents: Polysorb, Smecta, Enterosgel, Atoxil. These tablets from the infection of the intestines help to cleanse the body of the decay products and harmful substances that are formed under the influence of viruses.
- Antibiotics for intestinal infection help to act directly on the pathogenic bacterium. The doctor can prescribe an antibiotic before the analysis is ready to not waste time. By results of the analysis the antibiotic can be replaced. Effective for this disease are such antibiotics: Ofloxacin, Norfloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Doxycycline, Levomycetin, Metronidazole.
- Means for controlling diarrhea: Loperamide , Ftalazol, Imodium, Furazolidone.
- Drugs for lowering temperature: Nurofen, Paracetamol, Analgin.
- Antiemetic is used for indomitable vomiting: Cerucal. With frequent vomiting you have to inject the drug intramuscularly.
- Enzymatic preparations for intestinal infection: Pancreatin, Mezim, Festal, Creon, Licrease. They start to eat after all the acute symptoms have been removed.
Treatment of intestinal infections with folk remedies
Infection of the intestines, treatment and recovery after the disease, will be protracted and ineffective if the patient does not follow the diet and maintain the body's water-salt balance. To speed up the recovery will help such folk recipes:
- Infusion of marshweed. It is designed to relieve the pain symptom and irritable stomach syndrome, get rid of diarrhea. For its preparation 1 tbsp. herbs pour a glass of boiling water and insist 2 hours. Drink 150 ml before eating.
- Decoction of the root of aira. Will help with diarrhea, painful sensations, inflammation of the intestine. To make it, you need to grind 3 tablespoons. roots and boil them for half an hour on low heat in half a liter of water.
- Saline solution. Helps avoid dehydration. Add 1 tablespoon of water to a glass of water. salt and sugar.
- Decoction of chamomile. It has antiseptic properties, helps fight with pathogenic bacteria. For its preparation 1 tbsp. raw materials pour a glass of boiling water and hold half an hour in a water bath. The broth should be drunk in small sips.
What can you eat with an intestinal infection?
Diet with intestinal infection is an important component of treatment. To speed up recovery, it is recommended that you follow these rules:
- Diet in case of intestinal infection: rejection of all fried, fatty, acidic, canned, sweet, dairy and flour dishes, fresh vegetables and fruits.
- The menu should consist of viscous cereals, lean meat, jelly, crackers.
- It should be eaten fractional and often.
- If possible, you should drink about 2 liters of mineral water a day.
Restoration of bowel function after infection
After intestinal infection, the body needs to be restored. This period takes about two weeks. In this period of time, follow these recommendations:
- Observe a diet in which foods that irritate the walls of the gastrointestinal tract and cause fermentation (fresh milk, sour-milk products, legumes, cereals, fresh vegetables and fruits, fried, smoked, canned food, coffee, tea, alcohol, sweets should be absent. and baking.).
- To use enzymes : Mezim, Pancreatin, Festal, Creon, Licrease.
Prevention of intestinal infections
Viral infection of the intestine may recur later if the following precautions are not observed:
- It is necessary to wash hands as often as possible.
- Carefully follow the freshness of the products.
- Drink only purified water.
- Proper storage of food in the refrigerator, observing the terms and the commodity neighborhood.
- If necessary, eat in a trusted catering establishment.