To prevent possible complications, you must regularly visit a gynecologist for preventive examination and know the first symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases.
Consider the most common diseases for today and determine the characteristic signs of these sexually transmitted diseases in women.
This form of herpes is the most contagious and difficult to determine. Often, there are no symptoms, and infection with a venereal disease for a long time does not make itself felt.
- Watery blisters on the genitals.
- Red small rash near the anus and on the labia.
- Open sores near the vagina.
- Pain and itching, moreover, not only in the genital area, but also on the hips and buttocks.
Condylomas or genital warts appear due to infection with the human papillomavirus (HPV). The strains of this virus are more than two hundred, and among them there are life-threatening modifications. To determine a specific pathogen, a laboratory smear test is required for female venereal diseases.
- Small, pointed formations on the genitals and in the vagina.
- Itching and discomfort in the genitals.
- Weak bleeding during intercourse (due to damage to warts).
Unfortunately, this disease has very few primary signs. The earliest symptoms appear 2 weeks after infection. They include:
- Painful sensations when urinating.
- Increase in the number of vaginal discharge.
- Lower abdominal pain.
- Discomfort and soreness of the genitals during intercourse.
In the first stage of syphilis, partial or local necrosis of the mucous tissues on the genitals occurs. A skin area of dark color with a rough surface is formed - chancre.
In the second stage, the following symptoms appear:
- Large ulcers throughout the body are red or brown in color.
- Temperature increase.
- Wandering pain in the body.
- General weakness.
- Lesion of internal organs and brain.
This disease is also called a gonorrhea and is an infectious disease of the urogenital tract. Symptoms are absent the first few months, and then there are such signs:
- Dense discharge from the vagina with blood or blood clots.
- Pain and burning during emptying of the bladder.
- Discomfort during intercourse.
- Pain in the lower back.
- Frequent urge to go to the toilet.
Causes of sexually transmitted diseases:
- promiscuous sex life;
- sick partner;
- blood transfusion;
- absence of contraception.
As statistics of sexually transmitted diseases show, they, in most, are subject to young people aged 15 to 30 years who do not have a permanent sexual partner.
In addition, one of the ways to get infected with sexually transmitted diseases is to infect a child at birth from an infected mother. Therefore, it is especially important for pregnant women to see a gynecologist and regularly give a smear to the flora.
How to recognize sexually transmitted diseases in the early stages?
It is impossible to accurately determine the type and nature of the disease by one symptom.
The following signs are just an excuse for suspecting a virus or infection:
- pain in the pelvic area with urination and intercourse;
- increased subfebrile temperature;
- itching and burning in the genital area;
- discharge with blood or blood clots;
- unpleasant odor of vaginal discharge;
- increase in the amount, change in color and viscosity of vaginal discharge;
- menstrual cycle disorders, etc.
The time of venereal disease varies from a few days to months. It is important to consult a doctor in a timely manner and not to start treatment.
Pathogens of sexually transmitted diseases:
- Unicellular organisms.