Biochemical blood analysis is a method of blood testing, which is often used in therapy, rheumatology, gastroenterology and other fields of medicine. It is this laboratory analysis that most accurately reflects the functional state of systems and organs.
Glucose in blood biochemistry
About a day after the delivery of blood, you will receive the results of biochemistry. They will indicate the amount of content of various substances. It is quite difficult for a person without medical education to independently understand the results of the analysis. But today the interpretation of the analysis of blood biochemistry is always attached in medical institutions.
The sugar content in the blood is the index of carbohydrate metabolism. In the norm of glucose should be no more than 5.5 mmol / l and not less than 3.5 mmol / l. A steady increase in this indicator is most often observed when:
- Cushing's syndrome;
- diabetes mellitus;
- permanent excessive physical exertion;
- diseases of the endocrine glands.
If you have a lower glucose level in the total biochemistry of the blood, the transcript will indicate that you have an insulin overdose, an endocrine gland failure or severe poisoning accompanied by liver damage.
Pigments in the biochemistry of the blood
In the decoding of the blood test for biochemistry, the amount of pigments-bilirubin of direct and bilirubin of the total is always indicated. The norm of total bilirubin is 5-20 μmol / l. A sharp change in this indicator is characteristic for various liver diseases (for example, hepatitis and cirrhosis), mechanical jaundice, poisoning, liver cancer, cholelithiasis and lack of vitamin B12.
The norm of direct bilirubin is 0-3.4 μmol / l. If you have done blood biochemistry and this indicator is higher, the decoding may indicate that you have:
- toxic or acute viral hepatitis;
- cholecystitis ;
- infectious liver disease;
Fats in biochemical blood analysis
When the fat metabolism is broken in the blood, the content of lipids and / or their fractions (cholesterol esters and triglycerides) always increases. The interpretation of these indicators in the results of blood biochemistry assays is very important, since they are very important for a correct evaluation of the functional abilities of the kidneys and liver in a variety of diseases. Normally should be:
- total cholesterol - 3,0-6,0 mmol / l;
- triglycerides 0.40-2.70 mmol / l (depending on age).
Water and mineral salts in blood biochemistry
In human blood there are various inorganic substances: potassium, folic acid, iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, chlorine. Violations of water-mineral metabolism of any kind are very often observed in severe and mild forms of diabetes mellitus, liver cirrhosis and heart problems.
Normally, potassium levels should be in the range of 3.5-5.5 mmol / l. If there is an increase in its concentration, then in deciphering the biochemistry of blood for women and men it will be indicated that this is hyperkalemia. This condition is characteristic of hemolysis, dehydration, acute renal failure and adrenal insufficiency. A sharp decrease in the content of potassium is called
In the analysis of the analysis of blood biochemistry, the sodium norm is 136-145 mmol / l. An increase in this indicator most often indicates a violation of the function of the adrenal cortex or the pathology of the hypothalamus.
The norm of chlorine in the blood is 98-107 mmol / l. If the indicators are greater, the person may have dehydration, salicylate poisoning or adrenocortical dysfunction. But the decrease in the chloride content is observed with vomiting, a significant increase in the volume of fluid and excessive sweating.