Thrush in children in the mouth is a fairly common problem faced by the parents of babies. In the scientific language, this disease is called a candidiasis of the oral cavity. It is caused by yeast-like fungi.
These fungi are constantly present in the child's body, but become pathogenic under certain conditions. In such cases, fungi begin to multiply intensively, disrupt the skin-mucous barriers and destroy tissues, which is expressed in inflammation. Favorable conditions for reproduction of Candida fungi are: decreased immunity, hypovitaminosis, artificial feeding of newborns, prematurity, postoperative period, rickets, anemia, dysbiosis, malfunctions in the endocrine system.
Symptoms of thrush in the mouth
When candidiasis, the oral cavity of the child is covered with a touch of whitish color, which in appearance resembles the milk turned into cottage cheese. It is from this that the name of thrush of the oral cavity takes its name.
Thrush in children in the mouth can be of three forms: mild, moderate and severe.
- The mild form of this disease can manifest itself on the gums, palate, cheeks, and tongue. Candidiasis does not cause any subjective sensations. Plaque can be easily removed. There is no smell from the mouth.
- With a medium-heavy form, the curdled-filmy coating appears on the inflamed base, covering the cheeks, the hard palate, the tongue, and the lips. It can not be completely removed; When you try to do this, you still have a bleeding surface of the mucosa.
- The severe form of candidiasis of the oral cavity is distinguished by the fact that a continuous coating covers the entire mucous membrane of the mouth, cheeks, gums, posterior arch of the pharynx, lips. Scraping allows you to remove only a small amount of this plaque, but at the same time the whitish film remains on the mucous, which can not be separated.
Children suffering from this disease, eat poorly, give up breast and nipples, become restless. In some cases, candidiasis of the oral cavity is accompanied by the manifestation of this disease in the perineum, on the external genitalia, and also in the intestinal form.
Treatment of thrush in the mouth
Since treatment of thrush in the mouth is necessary from the very first days and even hours of symptoms, the parents of a sick kid should consult a pediatrician who will determine the cause of the disease and prescribe a treatment. The pediatrician determines the amount of treatment for thrush in the mouth of the child, based on the individual characteristics of the child's organism, its allergic mood, other accompanying pathologies, and also depending on other medications taken by the ill.
To confirm the diagnosis and establish the cause, the doctor will prescribe certain tests: blood, feces, scraping from the affected area. It can also be prescribed by the examination of the mother, since if she is a carrier of the disease, then the probability of its transmission to the baby is high.
To get rid of thrush in the mouth, special
In some cases, children aged from six months can be prescribed special preparations such as Fluconazole , the dosage of which can be determined exclusively by the doctor.
Remember that during the period of illness, you can not give your child sweet, flour and rough food. The exception is honey which can be dissolved in water and given to crumbs. This solution can also wipe the mouth.