Reticulocytes are not the most well-known component of blood, which plays an important role in the normal functioning of the body. These particles are not fully formed young forms of red blood cells. Seeing in the analysis that the reticulocytes are increased, it is not always necessary to experience. And yet sometimes this phenomenon can really indicate serious health problems.
Reasons for an increase in reticulocytes in an adult
Like all blood particles, reticulocytes have a certain norm. In the blood of a healthy adult, these components should not be more than 0.2-1.2% of the total number of erythrocytes. Reticulocytes perform a very important mission, supplying oxygen to tissues and organs. Looking at the amount of these constituents of blood, a specialist can determine how quickly the bone marrow produces red blood cells.
A sharp increase in the fraction of immature reticulocytes demonstrates the regenerative capacity of the bone marrow. Therefore, tests for the number of blood corpuscles are appointed to assess the state of the bone marrow after transplantation, as well as the body's response to treatment with folic acid, vitamins B12, iron.
Elevated reticulocytes in the blood are observed with severe blood loss (including secretions) and signal about such diseases:
- metastases in the bones;
- polycythemia ;
- bone marrow tumors;
- oxygen fasting in acute form;
- hemolytic anemia;
In many patients, reticulocytes increase with the use of antipyretic drugs, Corticotropin, Levodopa, Erythropoietin.
Specialists managed to find out that the amount of not completely formed red blood cells in the blood increases in smokers and
Treatment of an increased number of reticulocytes
To assign effective treatment, you need to conduct a survey and determine what exactly is the cause of a sharp increase in the number of reticulocytes. After the diagnosis is established, the preparation is carried out in the first place - the patient's condition is stabilized: if necessary, he is prescribed painkillers, detoxification or plasmapheresis is prescribed. Only after this is prescribed etiological and pathogenetic treatment.