Acute respiratory viral and bacterial diseases often affect the human body and are the cause of the onset and development of the common cold. Pregnant women are also not immune from the risk of getting colds. The cause of the development of ARVI during pregnancy is a physiological decrease in immunity, because the fetus is half the alien genetic information, with the presence of which the body should normally fight.
ARVI is a group of diseases that affect the upper respiratory tract. The cause of the disease are viruses and bacteria. ARVI are accompanied by various symptoms, such as:
- temperature increase to low-grade figures;
- a sore throat;
- nasal congestion ;
- general decrease in working capacity.
It is especially dangerous to get sick with the influenza virus, which is known for its complications.
SARS in pregnancy 1 term
ARVI during pregnancy and the consequences of transferring this disease in the first trimester are quite dangerous. In the first trimester of pregnancy, the formation and formation of all organs and systems of the future baby takes place. In this period, the fetus is very sensitive to any effect, especially from the side of viruses. So, the effect of the virus on the fetus can lead to a defect in the development of any body system of the unborn child. Multiple defects caused by the pathological action of the virus can cause spontaneous miscarriage. But if after a pregnant woman has transferred an acute viral infection in the first trimester, pregnancy proceeds without pathology, then there is a high probability that the viruses or bacteria did not significantly affect the future child's organism.
ARVI in pregnancy 2 trimester
As pregnancy develops, the placenta grows and develops - the fetal protective barrier from harmful effects. An exception does not become this function of the placenta and when exposed to viruses or bacteria. ARVI during pregnancy and its consequences in the second trimester are not as critical as in the first. When transferring ARVI in the second trimester, there is a possibility of the development of placental pathology, the violation of oxygen supply of the fetus, which can lead to fetal hypoxia and its weakening as a whole.
How to treat ARVI in pregnancy?
ARVI in pregnant women and its treatment have a number of features. In pregnancy, many pharmaceuticals used in common cold are contraindicated. It is necessary to use a minimum of preparations, but also it is not necessary to take a great interest in folk remedies. Treatment of ARVI during pregnancy should start when the slightest indisposition occurs, while remembering to monitor the condition of the baby's future.
Medications during pregnancy in ARVI
In pregnancy, for the removal of headache, temperature, you can use drugs containing paracetamol. Do not take drugs containing aspirin. To remove nasal congestion, it is possible to use preparations containing sterilized sea water, it is impossible - drugs with the active substance oxymetazaline hydrochloride. Also, the use of a large number of antibiotics is contraindicated in pregnancy, with the exception of locally applied drugs. Pregnant to maintain immunity can take multivitamins, to reduce the symptoms of intoxication - drink plenty of tea , mors, compotes. For sanitation of the oral cavity, a decoction of chamomile and sage will suit, but a decoction of calendula will not do. Warm socks for the night will also help the pregnant woman
Thus, during pregnancy and its treatment, acute respiratory viral infection requires increased attention from the pregnant woman herself and from the doctors, since any infectious impact is a risk for the successful development of the baby's future.
Prevention of acute respiratory infections in pregnancy
To prevent ARVI during pregnancy, you can use oxalic ointment, going to crowded places. You can maintain your immune system with vitamins, a balanced diet. Warnings of hypothermia will also help a pregnant woman stay healthy.