Black currant - growing and care

No, probably not a single garden area, wherever the black currant grew. Everyone knows how useful it is, and what can be cooked from it. This article will tell you how to avoid starting gardeners mistakes in growing and caring for the black currant.

The main methods of caring for the black currant are the same as for other shrubs. However, there are some peculiarities here. In the early spring it is very useful to arrange hot currant bushes with hot currents. Before the leaves dissolve, it is necessary to pour the bushes from the watering can with hot water heated to 70 ° C. Currant is very fond of this procedure, and all the pests that have been wintering on it are dying from hot water.

One way to increase the yield of currant is to plant a number of several different varieties. In this case, there is mutual cross-pollination, which leads to an increase in the number of ovaries, and berries grow larger.

Now consider how to properly care for currant bushes. The soil under the bushes in the spring should be loosened and covered with ashes or mineral fertilizers. A compost layer is poured over it. This method protects against pests that have wintered in the soil, from weeds, retain moisture and will serve as a fertilizing for bushes throughout the season. For the winter, heavy soil around the bush should be digged, not loosening, to preserve moisture. Easy soil can simply loosen up.

Currant is very fond of water, so in the dry season bushes should be regularly and abundantly watered. It is especially important to do this during the setting of fruits, pouring berries and after the harvest is harvested. Before the onset of cold weather, it is also necessary to pour currant bushes on 20-30 liters per bush.

How to prune a currant?

In order to increase the yield of the currant, the bushes are cut every year, the three-five-year shoots are cut off from the black currant, and the white and red shoots are six to seven years old. Cut out all patients affected by pest shoots, growing inside the bush branch, and the base of the bush is exposed for better ventilation. Such pruning will also contribute to the constant rejuvenation of shrubs. Berries grow larger, and the bush itself is less susceptible to various diseases. It is necessary to cut old shoots near the ground so that no stubble remains. Currant can be cut in early spring, in the summer after the whole harvest is collected or in late autumn after the fall of the foliage. Optimum is considered a summer pruning, as new shoots will have time to grow and grow stronger before the onset of cold weather. After pruning currant bushes it is useful to feed mineral or organic fertilizers.

Under the right growing conditions, a bush of currant can live and bear fruit up to 20 years.