In the modern world, the issues of compensation for the defect of the dentition do not lose their relevance. Alas, harmful production, unstable ecological situation, unsatisfactory food composition, food quality and other factors, as before, affect the health of teeth on a par with the hereditary factor. But, fortunately, today it is necessary to ask only one question - what kinds of dental prosthetics will be optimal in a particular case.
Who needs dental prosthetics?
Let's consider why to understand the types of prostheses.
Modern people can not worry - innovations in dentistry can solve any problem and restore the integrity of teeth even in the most difficult cases. Of course, one can argue that many people do not want to establish even the best dentures and at the same time manage to chew their front teeth. But do they give themselves an account of what will happen to their tooth-jaw system in time?
Do not even think about the need to restore the destroyed teeth. After all, sooner or later the compensatory mechanism reaches its limit and the loss of teeth leads to the following violations:
- cosmetic defect;
- complexity with diction;
- problems with chewing food;
- violation of bite and, as a consequence, violations in the work of the temporomandibular joint;
- development or strengthening of the symptoms of periodontal disease;
- the appearance of increased erasability of enamel;
- curvature of a number of standing teeth;
- occurrence of wedge-shaped defects.
What are the types of dental prosthetics?
All types of dental prostheses are divided into removable and non-removable. Removable dentures are those "grandmother's" prostheses, which are so often played in films and jokes. In fact, such prosthetics and the truth is used most often in the elderly, which is associated with multiple tooth loss from caries and its complications, periodontitis . But there is nothing to laugh about, because removable dentures help millions of people to return to a full life, both in terms of nutrition, and in terms of communication and aesthetics. A feature of this prosthesis is the need for daily hygiene of the prosthesis.
Removable dentures can be complete, that is covering the defects of a complete lack of teeth in the mouth, and partial - with a significant, but not complete loss of teeth. Traditionally, the base material for removable prosthetics is acrylic plastic. More modern types of removable dental prosthetics are nylon dentures. For their manufacture, special dental nylon is used, which provides the best aesthetic qualities, increased strength and long time of use.
Fixed prosthetics is used to replace small defects in the dentition, discoloration or tooth shape. These include:
- Crowns. They are made of metals, cermets (metal alloy with ceramic coating), ceramics, plastics.
- Bridges. Represent a construction of several crowns, the end of which is worn on standing teeth, and the middle ones (1-3 pieces) compensate for the existing defect.
- Tabs. Microprostheses, most often made of ceramic materials, which allow to restore the shape and color of the tooth instead of filling with caries and its complications.
- Veneers. Thin porcelain or ceramic plates, which can qualitatively eliminate cosmetic defects on the front teeth.
Each type of prosthesis has its advantages and disadvantages, but in any case it is up to the dentist to decide which dentures to insert, because it is based on a variety of individual factors.