Parents, whose children have experienced the stage of teething quickly and painlessly, can be called lucky. Because in most cases the process of teething in babies is very complicated and is accompanied by various unpleasant moments.
When the first teeth appear?
It is impossible to name the exact schedule and the scheme of teething in babies. It is known that their rudiments are formed in the womb of the mother. And in the event that a woman during pregnancy did not suffer serious illnesses such as acute respiratory viral infection , flu, rubella, kidney disease, severe toxicosis, persistent stress and others, eruption begins in the range of 4 to 7 months.
The hereditary factor can shift the schedule of teething in the baby to a later date. That is, if the mother or father has had late first teeth, do not expect that the baby will please parents with a replenishment in the mouth before the due time.
In other words, the appearance of the first milk teeth is an individual process. In pediatric practice, there have been cases when a child was born with one or two teeth, or they were absent until 15-16 months. Such phenomena are considered to be normal and do not require any treatment.
As for the scheme of teething in infants, it is approximately as follows:
- According to the rules, at the age of 5-10 months the first lower central incisors appear.
- Then in 8-12 - the upper central incisors.
- From 9-13 months, the upper lateral incisors appear, followed by the lower ones.
- The first molars (the upper and then the lower molars) can erupt up to a year and a half.
- From 16 to 23 months, the baby has upper and lower fangs.
- Complete the dentition at this stage, the second molars first lower, then upper. That is, when the baby is 31-33 months old, there should be 20 teeth in his mouth.
The sequence of eruption, as well as the timing of their appearance may vary depending on the individual characteristics of the organism and external factors.
The main and possible signs of teething
As a rule, the eruption of the upper and lower teeth in the baby does not go unnoticed. The main symptomatology, predicting the imminent appearance of a new tooth is:
- increased salivation (due to mechanical irritation of sensitive nerve receptors on the gums);
- sensation of itching in the gums (manifested in the form of frequent and active chewing movements);
- a bad dream, the baby becomes moody and irritable, cries for no apparent reason (this behavior is caused by pain in the gums);
- swelling and swelling of the gums, sometimes in the place of the appearance of the tooth are formed bruises of cyanotic color;
- decreased appetite.
The above signs are the most common, and almost all babies come across them. However, at times, the already painful dentition of the teeth in infants is accompanied by fever, vomiting, coughing, diarrhea , snot. These symptoms are considered very doubtful, because they can point to other diseases.
- So, against the background of eruption, body temperature can rise to 38-39 degrees and stay at this level for 2-3 days.
- The disorder associated with the appearance of the tooth is also quite understandable:
the child pulls everything in his mouth that comes to hand, in addition, due to poor appetite, moms change the menu and the feeding regime. As a rule, in such cases, the stool is frequent and watery.
- Runny nose when teething is caused by increased mucus secretion. Excess saliva in the mouth can provoke the appearance of a wet cough.
If you have these symptoms, you need to consult a doctor to make sure there are no other diseases. In addition, some pediatricians are of the opinion that high fever, frustration and so on have nothing to do with teeth.